Call FREE from a Landline or Mobile on 0800 634 75 75

Law On Accidents Due To Sudden Stop

Generally speaking if Person A caused his or her motor vehicle to crash into the back of Person B’s motor vehicle, then Person A would be at fault. This is of course a typical rear end shunt scenario whereby liability is usually attached to the driver who drove his or her vehicle into collision with the vehicle in front. As a driver myself, this must be the correct decision as you have no control over the vehicle that is driving behind you. However in some strange and unusual circumstances Person B in the above scenario could be held at fault.

You would generally have to look at the reason why Person B stopped so suddenly and without warning. When a sudden stop was made due to a traffic sign or signal, the driver is highly unlikely to be held at fault if another vehicle crashes into the back of him.

There may be a need to stop suddenly if, for example, a child runs out into the road. In this scenario it is of course reasonable to stop suddenly and it is highly unlikely that you would be held at fault if another vehicle crashes into the back of you. I could never say that it is impossible to be held at fault in these situations as every case is taken on its own facts.

You could be at fault if you stopped suddenly and without warning for no good reason. Even if your vehicle was not involved in the accident itself, you could still be held at fault. Say for example Vehicle A stopped suddenly and without good reason, Vehicle B managed to stop in time but Vehicle C crashed into the back of Vehicle B. If there was no good reason for Vehicle A to stop suddenly then they may be held liable for the accident. In these cases of extenuating circumstances the person who stopped suddenly may be at fault. There is no strict rule on this area of law as every case is considered based on its own unique facts. It appears that the questions that must be asked are:

  1. What caused the diver to stop so suddenly and without warning?
  2. Was it reasonable for the driver to stop so suddenly and without warning?

In Gussman v Gratton-Storey the Defendant applied her breaks violently in order to avoid hitting a pheasant running across the road. The driver behind was unable to stop and collided with the Defendant’s vehicle. The Defendant was held liable so in this case the sudden stop was in effect held to be unreasonable. The lead driver was held liable in this case. You can see the difficult precedent that this case sets. It leaves a difficult decision as to just when it is reasonable to stop suddenly. For example, would one animal running into the road cause a reasonable sudden stop and another animal running into the road cause a sudden stop that was unreasonable? It is a bit like deciding which animals you can drive over and which you must treat as though it were a human.

Each case is considered on its facts; if you collided into the back of another vehicle then it is likely that a Court would hold you at fault. However if the car in front stopped suddenly without any or any good reason, then the driver of the vehicle that stopped suddenly may be at fault. Say the driver stopped suddenly due to ducks in the road, a Court may say that this was an insufficient reason to brake and stop suddenly.

Such cases may inevitably result in huge liability arguments. There may be a disagreement as to who is at fault. Therefore it is essential that you seek independent legal advice.

We are specialist personal injury lawyers, so do not hesitate to call us today on 0800 634 75 75.

Request A Call Back

Your Details
Accident Details
Select Your Call Back Time
NHS Email Leak
Search Our Blog
Free Instant Valuation
Compensation Calculator
Instantly Values Your Claim

Instantly value your claim for a head injury!


Minor Moderate Severe

Instantly value your claim for a neck injury!


Minor Moderate Severe

Instantly value your claim for a shoulder injury!


Minor Moderate Severe

Instantly value your claim for a elbow injury!


Minor Moderate Severe

Instantly value your claim for an arm injury!


Minor Moderate Severe

Instantly value your claim for a hand injury!


Minor Moderate Severe

Instantly value your claim for a torso injury!


Minor Moderate Severe

Instantly value your claim for a mid-section injury!


Minor Moderate Severe

Instantly value your claim for a back injury!


Minor Moderate Severe

Instantly value your claim for a leg injury!


Minor Moderate Severe

Instantly value your claim for a knee injury!


Minor Moderate Severe

Instantly value your claim for an ankle/foot injury!


Minor Moderate Severe

Find out how much your injury claim is worth!

Click on the injured body part to get your INSTANT FREE personal injury compensation valuation sent to you within seconds...

Yes No

Yes No

Yes No

As Seen on TV
Latest Blog Posts

Are autonomous vehicles safer than human-driven vehicles?

Are autonomous vehicles safer than human-driven vehicles?

Self-driving vehicles has been on the rise in recent years, and it's been made easier by advancing technology. However, not all technology has positive effects on our lives, and Uber's self-dri...

Published on the 23/06/2017


Four employees crushed to death in excavation work

Four employees crushed to death in excavation work

Four employees tragically died while carrying out a job at an excavation site. The four employees were working on constructing a steel structure as part of the foundation for a large Pressure Test ...

Published on the 13/06/2017


Hundreds of patients coming forward after rogue surgeon convicted of wounding with intent

Hundreds of patients coming forward after rogue surgeon convicted of wounding with intent

The Injury Lawyers are investigating the issues surrounding Paterson's convictions, and any victims who need our expert legal advice are welcome to approach us for help Former renowned bre...

Published on the 26/05/2017


Employee suffers deep lacerations from chainsaw use

Employee suffers deep lacerations from chainsaw use

Injuries can happen anywhere, any place and at any time; and most certainly at work. This was the case for one employee who was injured by a chainsaw whilst they were cutting down a tree. ...

Published on the 19/05/2017


Uber to resume their 'self-driving' vehicle testing after crash

Uber to resume their 'self-driving' vehicle testing after crash

The alternative taxi company Uber have recently restarted their testing after a three day suspension following an autonomous vehicle test crash. Uber were testing one of their Volva XC90s in its 's...

Published on the 11/05/2017


A Concrete Firm has been fined a whopping £300,000 after an employee suffers leg amputation injury

A Concrete Firm has been fined a whopping £300,000 after an employee suffers leg amputation injury

On the 30th June 2015 a 42 year-old unnamed employee was working nearby a trailer on a Buchan Concrete Solutions' Drakelow site in Burton-on-Trent. He was working next to where concrete blo...

Published on the 04/05/2017


Is the exploding Fitbit going to be the next Samsung Galaxy Note 7 scenario?

Is the exploding Fitbit going to be the next Samsung Galaxy Note 7 scenario?

Although technology is growing at an unprecedented rate, the safety of such technological products remains questionable. The first trend of such products exploding/catching on fire started with the...

Published on the 28/04/2017


Gloucester Crown Court issues £600,000 fine after employee was set on fire

Gloucester Crown Court issues £600,000 fine after employee was set on fire

The Health and Safety Executive have concluded their investigations into a horrific incident that saw a 61 year-old man set on fire whilst working on site. Mr Steven Brown was working on installing...

Published on the 21/04/2017


Accident at work caused an employee skin loss and a fractured finger

Accident at work caused an employee skin loss and a fractured finger

Employers are legally responsible for employee safety and must do all they can to prevent employees from being injured in the workplace. A seal and label producing company based in Kent was fined a...

Published on the 12/04/2017


District Council fined quarter of a million after employee suffers Hand Arm Vibration (HAV) Syndrome

District Council fined quarter of a million after employee suffers Hand Arm Vibration (HAV) Syndrome

Thanet District Council in Kent have been fined a quarter of a million pounds after an employee was diagnosed with Hard Arm Vibration (HAV) Syndrome. The council was also found to have breached the...

Published on the 06/04/2017


Categories
Archives